Angielski w matematyce

Zdarza się, że w czytanym tekście napotykamy matematyczne symbole, które mogą przysporzyć problemu w ich prawidłowym odczytaniu. Poniżej zebrano podstawowe zwroty, które ułatwią to zadanie.

GENERAL TERMS - OGÓLNE POJĘCIA

a number - liczba

a prime number - liczba pierwsza

adding - dodawanie

to add - dodać

substraction - odejmowanie

to substract - odjąć

multiplection - mnożenie

to multiply - pomnożyć

division - dzielenie

to divide - podzielić

adding - dodawanie

to add dodać

a fraction - ułamek

a root - pierwiastek

ADDING - dodawanie

+ plus

= equals (równa się)

Na przykład:

3 + 3 = 6

Three plus three equals six.

SUBSTRACTION - odejmowanie

- minus

Na przykład:

10 - 5 = 5

Ten minus five equals five.

MULTIPLECTION - mnożenie

x - times ... (pomnożone przez ...)

2 x 2 = 4

Two times two equals four.

DIVISION - dzielenie

: - divided by ... (podzielone przez ...)

Two multiplied 

FRACTIONS - ułamki

1/2 - one half

1 1/2 - one and a half (jeden i jedna druga)

1/3 - one third

2 1/3 - two and one third (dwa i jedna trzecia)

1/4 - one quarter

5 1/4 - five and one quarter (pięć i jedna czwarta)

2/5 - two-fifths (dwie piąte)

6/7 - six-sevenths ( szesć siódmych )

2 /6 - two - sixths (dwie szóste) 

Uwaga! Zapisujac ułamki (cyfrę w mianowniku) stosujemy liczebniki porządkowe, czyli:

1st - first

2nd - second

3rd - third

4th - fourth

5th - fifth

6th - sixth

7th - seventh

8th - eighth

9th- ninth

10th - tenth

11th - eleventh

12th - twelfth

13th - thirteenth

14th - fourteenth

15th - fifteenth

16th - sixteenth

17th - seventeenth

18th - eighteenth

19th - nineteenth

20th - twentieth

21st - twenty-first

30th - thirtieth

40th - fortieth

50th - fiftieth

60th - sixtieth

70th - seventieth

80th - eightieth

90th - ninetieth

100th - one hundreth

200th - two hundrerth

ROTS - pierwiastki

the second root - pierwiastek drugiego stopnia

the third root - pierwiastek trzeciego stopnia

the third root - pierwiastek czwartego stopnia

Na przykład:

The second root of fourt is two. - Pierwiastek drugiego stopnia z 4 wynosi 2.

The third root of twenty-seven is three. - Pierwiastek trzeciego stopnia z 27 wynosi 3.

The fourth root of two hundred and fifty is four. - Pierwiastek czwartego stopnia z 256 wynosi 4.

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